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The hall was opened on April 7, 1901 in a building built in 1895―1901 by the project of architect V.P. Zagorsky. In 1901, the organ of the work of master Aristide Kawaye-Koll was set up in the hall, donated to the conservatory of S.P. von Derviz. The concert at the opening was conducted by V.I. Safonov, later on the stage of the Great Hall of the Conservatory were the leading Soviet, Russian and foreign soloists and classical music groups, the USSR State Orchestra (1936) gave its first concert. The largest music contests and festivals, including the final auditions of the participants of the International Tchaikovsky Competition, are also held in the Great Hall. In the 1920s – 1930s, the hall was also used as a cinema, and in 1940 games of the 12th USSR Chess Championship were held here. From the beginning of the 1950s and until the end of the 1990s, Anna Chekhova was the permanent host of concerts in the Great Hall.