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Only at the concerts of the Collegium Musicum in Moscow you can hear Mozart's greatest masterpiece under the vaults of the cathedral, performed by magnificent soloists and renowned Russian orchestras. The Requiem was revised by Franz Bayer, recognized by such outstanding conductors as Leonard Bernstein and Nikolaus Arnoncourt. This version is much closer to the original by Mozart than the generally accepted version of Franz Xaver Süßmayr. Experts say that "Bayer took the Requiem to the dry cleaner and removed the stains from it."
One of the most frequently performed works of classical music remained unfinished after the death of its genius composer. The Requiem was completed by Franz Xaver Süßmayr, a student of Mozart. Despite the fact that for two hundred years, the Süßmayr's version has not ceased to be criticized, it remains the most popular among performers and listeners. The Franz Bayer version, made in the early 1970s, is recognized by many respected scientists and musicians as more successful and closer to the original. It differs, first of all, in the orchestration, in which the incorrectness is most often accused of Süsmeier. Bayer made significant changes to the parts of both strings and wind instruments, especially trombones. Less noticeable but significant corrections were made to the vocals, and four bars of fugue were added in Hosanna's part.
“I agree with the experts that Franz Bayer's version sounds more like Mozart,” says conductor Oleg Romanenko. - I like the words of the pianist and musicologist Robert Levin, who made his own version of the Requiem in the 1990s: Franz Bayer took the Requiem to the dry cleaner and removed the stains from it. He made it more transparent, unencumbered by Süßmayr's failures. The deeper you dive into the study of his version, the more interesting it is! And when I first looked at the preserved Mozart manuscript from beginning to end, I believed Bayer. " Bayer strove for a deeper understanding of the style and spirit of Mozart's music and emphasized that for him “revision” was about restoring the original material of the manuscript - after all, Mozart wrote much more than it is generally believed that Bayer reasonably argued. It is significant that such reputable conductors as Leonard Bernstein, Nikolaus Arnoncourt, and Neville Marriner appealed to his version.
Franz Bayer lived a long life (he was born in 1922 and died in 2018 at the age of 96) and restored about 150 unfinished works by Haydn, Beethoven and Mozart. In 2006 he revised his edition of the Requiem and made a new version published by the German publishing house Kunzelmann. Specifically his version will sound in Moscow in the Evangelical Lutheran Cathedral of St. Peter and Pavel performed by renowned collectives - the Moscow State Academic Symphony Orchestra conducted by Pavel Kogan and the A.V.Sveshnikov State Academic Russian Choir.
Soloists: Lilia GAYSINA (soprano), Victoria PREOBRAZHENSKAYA (mezzo-soprano), Vladimir DMITRUK (tenor), Vadim ZARIPOV (bass).
Conductor - Oleg Romanenko.